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What is PM Theory

PM Theory of Leadership is a Japanese leadership theory that explains the behavior of leaders by classifying leaders into two categories, 2 styles of PM Theory leaders are including performance and maintenance. And yes, P in PM theory of leadership is stand for Performance, while M in PM theory is stand for Maintenance.

The PM theory was published in 1985 by Jyuji Misumi and Mark F. Peterson in their paper.

Performance leader is a type of leader who aimed on success as a priority. In other words, performance leader is a western management style.

Maintenance leader is a type of leader who aimed on relationship as a priority. In other words, maintenance leader is a eastern style of management.


Key Points

  • PM Theory is a leadership theory that explains the leadership behavior by classifying leaders into two categories which is Performance and Maintenance.
  • Performance is a type of leader who aimed on success as a priority.
  • Maintenance is a type of leader who aimed on relationship as a priority.

Performance

P of PM Theory stand for Performance. Leaders with Performance behavior wants to work in accordance with his or her target as a main priority. Performance leaders are focus on the success of the task and need everything clarity. So, they might argument that confronts each other when a problem arises.

In additional, leaders with performance style will separate the work out of personal thing. The performance leadership only requires the job done.

Characteristics of performance leaders:

  • Does not care about relationship in work.
  • Work (and evaluate) with individualism style.
  • Everything must be done in order.
  • Strict about the regulation, and amount of work.
  • Strict about the progress of work.
  • Communicate with top-down communication.

As a result, the Performance leadership requires getting the job done. Mostly are Western style leaders.

Maintenance

M of PM Theory stand for Maintenance. M-style leaders are aimed at maintaining group relationships, and focus on group relationships. They believed that the good relationships is long and fruitful effect on the success of the work.

Maintenance leaders are leaders who avoid confrontation. The work is focused on working as groups, and this might include the evaluation. Also, make decisions through the opinions of the group.

Characteristics of maintenance leaders:

  • Relationship come first because good relationship affect the success of their work.
  • Working and evaluate as a group rather than individual.
  • Collective consensus to make some important decision.
  • Communicate with both top-down and bottom-up.
  • Treat with fairly and concern about employee’s benefit.

As a result, the Maintenance leadership is inherently about interpersonal and group activity. Mostly are Eastern style leaders.