• Post category:Finance

What is Return on Assets

Return on assets is a ratio to measure the company’s profitability from operating the business. The return on assets indicates the amount of net income that the business generated by each dollar of its assets. ROA can be calculated by dividing net income by average total assets.

To put it simply, the return on assets indicate that’s how many dollar the business generated from using their assets every dollar. For example, 10 times of return on assets mean the business generate 10 dollar for every 1 dollar of its assets.

The return on assets (ROA) answer that the company’s manager using their assets effectively?


Key Points

  • Return On Assets is a comparation between net income and all assets (average assets in a period) of the company.
  • The return on assets (ROA) ratio indicates the amount of net income that the company generated by each dollar of its assets
  • The higher the return on assets, the more profit that the company generate from their assets.

How to Calculate Return on Assets

Return on assets ratio can be calculate by dividng the net income by average total assets. While the “Average assets” can be calculated by adding total assets at the beginning of the period and at the end of the period, and deviding by 2.

Return on Assets = Net Income ÷ Average Total Assets

ROA Definition Meaning of Return on Assets Calculate Formula
Return on Assets (ROA) formula

Average Total Assets = (Total asset at the beginning period + Total asset at the ending of te period) ÷ 2

Example: the Feriors company’s balance sheet shows the net income of $10 million, the total assets at the beginning of period of $1 million, and the total assets at the end of period of $2 million.

Average Total Assets = (1 Million + 2 Million) ÷ 2 Million = 1.5 Million

Return on Asset = 10 Million ÷ 1.5 Million = 6.67 times

The Feriors’ return on asset is 6.67 times which means the company generate 6.67 dollar for each 1 dollar of asset they have.


Return on Assets Meaning

The meaning of return on assets (ROA) is how effectively that the company used their assets to generate their profit. The higher the return on assets, the more profit that the company generate from their assets.

Higher value of the return on assets (ROA) suggests favorable efficiency use of assets. In contrast, the lower value (lower than last period or lower than industry average) means the company might not manage their assets to generate income effictively.

For example, 8 times of return on asset means the company generate 5 dollar for each 1 dollar of asset they have.